Kemampuan jamur pelapuk kayu isolat JPA dan Trichoderma Sp. S2-2 dalam mendegradasi tandan kosong kelapa sawit untuk menghasilkan selulosa The capability of wood rot fungus JPA isolate and Trichoderma sp. S2-2 in degradation of oil palm empty fruit bunches to produce cellulose

. ALHIDAYATULLAH, Lisdar I SUDIRMAN1, Okky Setyawati DHARMAPUTRA

Abstract


Abstract

 

 Oil palm empty fruit bunches (OPEFB) are the ligno-cellulosic wastes from palm oil processing. They can be used to produce raw materials for value-added products. The purpose of this study was to determine the degradation capacity of JPA wood rot fungi and Trichoderma sp. S2-2 on OPEFB. The 500 g of substrates consisted of 81% of OPEFB, 15% bran, 1.5% lime and 1.5% gypsum were used for growing. The substrates were inoculated with five treatments i.e without isolate (K); with JPA isolate (JPA); with Trichoderma sp. S2-2 (T); with the two isolates (JPA + T); and with JPA isolate and after four weeks of incubation inoculated with Trichoderma sp. S2-2 [(JPA)+T]. All treatments were incubated for eight weeks. The results showed that JPA+T was the best treatment which the two isolates must be inoculated simultaneously for degradation of OPEFB. Lignin and cellulose content on JPA+T treatment respectively were 20.83% and 33.77%. C/N ratio of OPEFB degraded with JPA+T was lower than the C/N ratio of TKKS degraded with Trichoderma harzianum and TKKS degraded with EM4 in previous study

Abstrak

Tandan kosong kelapa sawit (TKKS) merupakan limbah lignoselulosa dari pengolahan minyak kelapa sawit. TKKS dapat dimanfaatkan untuk memperoleh bahan baku untuk produk bernilai tambah. Tujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk mengetahui kemampuan degradasi jamur pelapuk kayu isolat JPA dan Trichoderma sp. S2-2 pada TKKS. Sebanyak 500 g substrat terdiri dari 81% TKKS, 15% dedak, 1,5% kapur, dan 1,5% gypsum digunakan untuk per-tumbuhan. Substrat diinokulasi dengan lima perlakuan yaitu tanpa isolat (K); dengan isolat JPA (JPA); dengan Trichoderma sp. S2-2 (T); dengan isolat JPA dan setelah empat minggu inkubasi, diinokulasi dengan Trichoderma sp. S2-2 [(JPA+T)]. Semua perlakuan diinkubasi selama delapan minggu. Hasil percobaan menunjukkan bahwa perlakuan JPA+T adalah perlakuan terbaik yaitu kedua isolat tesebut harus diinokulasi secara bersamaan untuk mendegradasi TKKS. Kandungan lignin dan selulosa TKKS dengan  perlakuan  JPA+T   masing-masing  adalah  20,83% dan 33,77%. Rasio C/N TKKS hasil degradasi dengan JPA+T lebih  rendah  daripada  rasio C/N pada TKKS yang didegradasi dengan Trichoderma harzianum dan TKKS yang didegradasi dengan EM4 pada penelitian sebelumnya.


Keywords


Oil Palm Empty Fruit Bunches, degradation, wood rot fungi, JPA Isolate, Trichoderma sp. S2-2

Full Text:

PDF


DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.22302/iribb.jur.mp.v82i2.17

Article Metrics

Abstract view : 373 times
PDF - 435 times

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2016 Jurnal Menara Perkebunan



CALL FOR PAPERS:

Menara Perkebunan as a communication media for research in Plantation sector opens opportunities for researchers and academics to write:
- original research results, technology development, or review of biotechnology and bioindustry and its application in agriculture, health and environment as well as other aspects of biotechnology.



MENARA PERKEBUNAN Indexed by:
 
Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.

ADDRESS:

INDONESIAN RESEARCH INSTITUTE FOR BIOTECHNOLOGY AND BIOINDUSTRY
PT. RISET PERKEBUNAN NUSANTARA
Jl. Taman Kencana No. 1, Bogor 16128. Telp. 0251-8324048/8327449. Fax. 0251-8328516
E-mail : menaraperkebunanppbbi@gmail.com http://mp.iribb.org