Application of organic fungicide in controlling basal stem rot disease for mature oil palm

Happy WIDIASTUTI, Hayati MINARSIH, Djoko SANTOSO, Deden Dewantara ERIS, Galuh Wening PERMATASARI

Abstract


Ganoderma is a major pathogen in oil palm crops. Some efforts related to control the growth of Ganoderma have been conducted but still have not found an effective method. This study aims to develop an organic fungicide that has been tested in vitro, which effective in controlling the growth of Ganoderma. The optimization carried out includes the determination of the dose and time interval for application in 13-year-old mature oil palm. This organic fungicide application was the continuation of application during the previous year especially for the two best treatment which is application organic fungicide every week (1w) and every two weeks (2w). In this study, the treatments tested were three levels dose of organic fungicide (0, 1x and 2x) and two types of frequency application, i.e. every week (1w) and every other week (2w). The results showed that the best application of organic fungicides was every week application with twice doses (1w.2x), based on the parameters of the inhibition of Ganoderma’s fruiting body formation, primary and secondary root formation, the opening of spear leaves, and harvesting parameters. The application of organic fungicide able to recover the oil palm infected Ganoderma sp., with increasing the fresh fruit bunch and its weight around 70% and 78%, respectively.

Keywords


Ganoderma sp, organic fungicides, dose, frequency of application, yield

Full Text:

29-34 PDF

References


Adam, H., Collin, M., Richaud, F., Beule, T., Cros, D., Omore, A., Nodichao, L., Nouy, B., Tregear, J.W. (2011). Environmental regulation of sex determination in oil palm: current knowledge and insights from other species. Ann. Bot. 108 (8),1529–1537, http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/aob/mcr151 .

Bahari MNA, Sakeh NM, Abdullah SNA, Ramli RR, Kadkhodaei S (2018). Transciptome profiling at early infection of Elaeis guineensis by Ganoderma boninense provides novel insights on fungal transition from biotrophic to necrotrophic phase. BMC Plant Biol., 18(1):377. Published 2018 Dec 29. doi:10.1186/s12870-018-1594-9

Beckerman, J. (2008). Understanding fungicide mobility. Purdue Extension, BP-70-W

Berga, F. van den, N. D. Paveleyb and F. van den Boscha (2016). Dose and number of applications that maximize fungicide effective life exemplified by Zymoseptoria tritici on wheat – a model analysis. Plant Pathology, 65, 1380–1389

Berquist, H.M. (2003). Organic fungicides. US Patent No.: US 6,616,952 B1

Broekmans, A.F.M., (1957). Growth, flowering and yield of the oil palm in Nigeria. J. West Afr. Inst. Oil Palm Res. 2, 187–220

Combres, J.C., Pallas, B., Rouan, L., Mialet-Serra, I., Caliman, J.P., Braconnier, S., Soulie, J.C., Dingkuhn, M. (2013). Simulation of inflorescence dynamics in oil palm and estimation of environment-sensitive phenological phases: a model based analysis. Funct. Plant Biol., 40 (3), 263–279.

Corley, R.H.V., and P.B. Tinker. (2015). Diseases of the Oil Palm. The Oil Palm Fifth Edition. pp. 399-436. doi:10.1002/9781118953297.ch13

Corley, R.H.V., Ng, M., Donough, C.R., (1995). Effects of defoliation on sex differentiation in oil palm clones. Exp. Agric. 31 (2), 177–190, http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0014479700025266.

Gerritsma, W., Soebagyo, F.X., (1999). An analysis of the growth of leaf area of oil palms in Indonesia. Exp. Agric., 35 (3), 293–308, http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0014479799003038

Heel, W. A. v., Breure, C.J., Menendez, T. (1987). The early development of inflorescences and flowers of the oil palm (Elaeis guineensis Jacq.) seen through the scanning electron microscope. Blumea 32, 67–78

Hushiarian, R., Nor Azah Yusof dan Sabo Wada Dutse. (2013). Detection and control of Ganoderma boninense: strategies and perspectives. SpringerPlus, 2:555

Jaafar H.Z.E. and Mohd Hafiz Ibrahim (2012). Photosynthesis and Quantum Yield of Oil Palm Seedlings to Elevated Carbon Dioxide. InTech, DOI: 10.5772/26167

Minarsih, Hayati, H. Widiastuti dan D. Santoso (2018). Deteksi Ganoderma secara molekuler pada kebun kelapa sawit yang diberi perlakuan biofungisida Ganor. Menara Perkebunan, 86(1), 21 -28

Pallas, B., Mialet-Serra, I., Rouan, L., Clement-Vidal, A., Caliman, J.P., Dingkuhn, M. (2013). Effect of source/sink ratios on yield components, growth dynamics and structural characteristics of oil palm (Elaeis guineensis) bunches. Tree Physiol., 33 (4), 409–424, http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/treephys/tpt015.

Paterson, R Russell M (2019). Ganoderma boninense Disease of Oil Palm to Significantly Reduce Production After 2050 in Sumatra if Projected Climate Change Occurs. Microorganisms, 7, 24; doi:10.3390/microorganisms7010024

Stockman, George, B Dan David Oppong (2006). Fungicidal Compositions and Methods of Using The Same (Wo2007127211)

Widiastuti H, D. Dewantara, D. Santoso. (2016). Potensi fungisida organik Ganor untuk perbaikan pertumbuhan dan produksi tanaman kelapa sawit terserang Ganoderma sp. Menara Perkebunan, 84 (2), 98-105.

Woittiez, Lotte S., Mark T. van Wijk, Maja Slingerland, Meine van Noordwijk, Ken E. Giller (2017). Yield gaps in oil palm: A quantitative review of contributing factors. Europ. J. Agronomy, 83:57–77

Xu, D.O. and Shen, Y.K. (2000). Photosynthetic Efficiency and Crop Yield. In handbook of Plant and Crop Physiology Revised and updated. pp 821 – 830




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.22302/iribb.jur.mp.v88i1.368

Article Metrics

Abstract view : 70 times
29-34 PDF - 32 times

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2020 E-Journal Menara Perkebunan

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.

CALL FOR PAPERS:

Menara Perkebunan as a communication media for research in Plantation sector opens opportunities for researchers and academics to write:
- original research results, technology development, or review of biotechnology and bioindustry and its application in agriculture, health and environment as well as other aspects of biotechnology.



MENARA PERKEBUNAN Indexed by:
 
Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.

ADDRESS:

INDONESIAN RESEARCH INSTITUTE FOR BIOTECHNOLOGY AND BIOINDUSTRY
PT. RISET PERKEBUNAN NUSANTARA
Jl. Taman Kencana No. 1, Bogor 16128. Telp. 0251-8324048/8327449. Fax. 0251-8328516
E-mail : menaraperkebunanppbbi@gmail.com http://mp.iribb.org