Deteksi dan analisis sekuen gen inhibitor proteinase pada beberapa klon kakao harapan tahan penggerek buah kakao dari Sulawesi Selatan Detection and sequence analysis of proteinase inhibitor gene in cacao clones putatively cacao pod borer-tolerant from South Sulawesi

Abdul Mollah S. JAYA, Hajrial ASWIDINNOOR, Djoko SANTOSO

Abstract


Summary

 

Cacao is socially and economically an important commodity for Indonesia, in which the cacao plantations have been challenged with a threatening pest, cacao pod borer (CPB). This research aimed to identify and clone PIN (proteinase inhibitor), a gene carrying resistance of plant to some chewing pests like CPB. The methodology included several experiments. Detection of PIN in cacao was done by PCR using PIN-specific heterologous primers and cacao genomic DNA as templates. Cloning vector pGEM-T was utilized to clone the PCR products. Sequence analysis was conducted with BlastX and Blast Special programs from NCBI. Alignment analysis to determine genetic similarity was performed with ClustalW from EBI. Thirteen of the 18 clones tested were detected to have PIN homologs. Two DNA fragments from cacao clones putatively tolerant to CPB, MJ-1 and LW-1, were sequenced. One of them, MJ-1 was cloned. Sequence analyses of the fragments of both cacao clones, indicated that they have PIN homologs and a very closed genetic relation with 96% level of similarity.

 

Ringkasan

 

Kakao adalah komoditas yang secara sosial maupun ekonomi penting bagi Indonesia, dimana perkebunan kakao menghadapi masalah serius hamapenggerek buah kakao (PBK). Penelitian ini bertujuan mengidentifikasi dan mengklon PIN (inhibitor proteinase), gen yang membawa sifat ketahanan tanaman terhadap hama ulat seperti PBK. Metodologinya terdiri dari beberapa percobaan. Deteksi PIN di dalam kakao dikerjakan dengan PCR menggunakan primer heterologous yang spesifik terhadap PIN dan DNA genomik kakao sebagai templetnya. Vektor kloning pGEM-T digunakan untuk mengklon produk PCR. Analisis sekuen dilakukan dengan program BlastX dan Blast spesial dari NCBI. Analisis penjajaran (alignment) untuk menentukan kemiripan genetik menggunakan program ClustalW dari EBI. Tiga belas dari 18 klon kakao yang diuji  menunjukkan adanya  homolog  PIN. Dua DNA fragmen dari klon harapan tahan, MJ-1 dan LW-1, telah ditentukan sekuen nukleotidanya. Satu diantara-nya, MJ-1 berhasil diklon. Analisis sekuen  kedua klon tersebut menunjukkan identitas sebagai homolog PIN dan keduanya memiliki kemiripan genetik yang tinggi.


Keywords


Proteinase - inhibitor gene, cacao- pod borer, Theobroma cacao

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.22302/iribb.jur.mp.v72i1.124

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